At the GLBRC, Plants researchers are developing the next generation of biomass-trait-improved crops. Because crops will continue to be grown for food and feed in the future, research focused on enhancing plants with desirable energy traits must be pursued without sacrificing grain yield and quality.
Ralph’s program is aimed at decreasing plant cell wall recalcitrance to processing and improving plant value to the biorefinery, largely by: detailing lignin structure, chemistry, and reactions; delineating the effects of perturbing lignin biosynthetic pathways; ‘redesigning’ lignins in planta to...
Brandizzi is a professor in the Michigan State University-U.S. Department of Energy (MSU-DOE) Plant Research Laboratory, and brings over 15 years of academic research experience to her role at GLBRC. Prior to coming to Michigan, Brandizzi was an associate professor...
GLBRC Plants research is highly genomics-focused. Although most plants used in agriculture have been selected for improved production of food or fiber, future bioenergy crops will have different characteristics, including high-energy yield per hectare, ease of conversion to fuels, and agricultural sustainability. Thus, while the Center's long-term efforts focus primarily on dedicated bioenergy crops such as perennial grasses and short-rotation woody species, improving basic traits in all biomass-relevant crops including the grain annuals is a priority.
Plants research projects fall under three general categories:
- Reducing lignocellulosic biomass recalcitrance through plant cell wall modification
- Improving the value of the biomass grown for bioenergy production
- Integrating these and other beneficial traits into bioenergy crops that exhibit improved nutrient use and stress tolerance for sustainable, perennialized production
2D NMR characterization of wheat straw residual lignin after dilute acid pretreatment with different severities
Altering carbon allocation in hybrid poplar (Populus alba × grandidentata) impacts cell wall growth and development
Bioenergy sorghum crop model predicts VPD-limited transpiration traits enhance biomass yield in water-limited environments