Advanced genomics identifies growth effectors for proteotoxic ER stress recovery in Arabidopsis thaliana
D.K. Ko and F. Brandizzi "Advanced genomics identifies growth effectors for proteotoxic ER stress recovery in Arabidopsis thaliana" Communications Biology 5 (2022) [DOI:10.1038/s42003-021-02964-8]
Adverse environmental and pathophysiological situations can overwhelm the biosynthetic capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), igniting a potentially lethal condition known as ER stress. ER stress hampers growth and triggers a conserved cytoprotective signaling cascade, the unfolded protein response (UPR) for ER homeostasis. As ER stress subsides, growth is resumed. Despite the pivotal role of the UPR in growth restoration, the underlying mechanisms for growth resumption are yet unknown. To discover these, we undertook a genomics approach in the model plant species Arabidopsis thaliana and mined the gene reprogramming roles of the UPR modulators, basic leucine zipper28 (bZIP28) and bZIP60, in ER stress resolution. Through a network modeling and experimental validation, we identified key genes downstream of the UPR bZIP-transcription factors (bZIP-TFs), and demonstrated their functional roles. Our analyses have set up a critical pipeline for functional gene discovery in ER stress resolution with broad applicability across multicellular eukaryotes.
RNA-seq and ChIP-seq data supporting the finding of this study have been deposited in the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus. The bioinformatic scripts used in this study are available on GitHub.